Medico, a computer-based assistance system, could help doctors perform diagnoses and identify the right treatment. That’s an important step on the path to personalized medicine. Medico is one of six application scenarios of the research program Theseus of the German Federal Ministry of Economics. Since late 2007, approximately 60 partners have been developing new technologies for the „Internet of services.“ In the case of Medico, researchers from Siemens are working with partners at the University Hospital of Erlangen, the German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence (DFKI), the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, and the Fraunhofer Gesellschaft. Medico is one of the highlights at the concluding event of the research program Theseus, which is taking place on February 14 and February 15, 2012, in Berlin.
Medico will combine medical knowledge with new image-processing methods, knowledge-based information processing techniques, and machine learning technologies. This will allow doctors more efficient access to a wide variety of types of medical information: data from medical imaging technologies such as ultrasound, x-ray, or computer tomography scans, and associated information such as images, reports, or laboratory data that are scattered, unconnected, and have very heterogeneous formats. Medico analyzes the content of medical data, structures it, links it with other information, and makes it readily accessible. The software identifies distinctive features in the images and catalogues data automatically. It not only collects and processes reference images but also takes into account treatment and laboratory reports from many different and scattered storage media in hospitals.
With Medico, for example, an anatomical structure like a „lymph node“ referred to in a doctor’s letter is linked with the corresponding location in medical images, which are made accessible through a hyperlink in the text. And with just one more click, the doctor can access extra information from an online knowledge base.
In the future, a variety of medical applications could be linked together in Medico. Features that have already been implemented in prototype form include semantic search, automated image analysis, indexing and patient classification, and context-sensitive diagnostic support. In contrast to the systems used today, a doctor’s knowledge can be formalized with logic and validated through verification algorithms. The researchers have created a comprehensive diagnostic assistance system that is generating keen interest among physicians.